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天天资源网 / 初中英语 / 教学同步 / 人教新目标Go For It! / 九年级全册 / Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are? / 人教版英语九年级全册Unit3知识点学案

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1 学生姓名 班级 辅导学科 英语 上课时间 课次 第_____次课 授课主题 U3 教学重点 U3 重点词汇与短语;完形填空 教学难点 宾语从句(二) 本次课教案: 考点一:Excuse me, could you please tell me how to get to the bookstore? 【考点梳理】问路的常见句型 1. Could you please tell me how to get to +地点? 2. Could you please tell me how I can get to +地点? 3. Could you please tell me the way to +地点? 4. Could you please tell me where…is/are? 5. Do you know where/how…? 6. Where’s…, please? 7. Is there a … near here? 【小试牛刀】 ( )— Excuse me, could you please tell me _________ ? — It’s on centre street and cross from the bank. A. where can I find the library? B. where I can find the library? C. how far the library is from here? D. how far is the library from here? 【答案】B 考点二:The bookstore is on your right, beside the bank. 【考点梳理】beside, besides 1. beside 为介词,意为“在……旁边;在…附近”,相当于 next to。 I am standing beside Lucy. It's a town beside the sea. 2. besides 做介词,意为“除……之外(还)…”;做副词,意为“另外;而且”。 We learn English at school besides Chinese and math. I don't want to go, besides, I'm too tired. 【小试牛刀】 ( )Nora opened the box. To her surprise, _____________ was a gold watch. A. outside B. inside C. beside D. behind 【答案】B 2 考点三:You don't need to rush! 你不必着急! 【考点梳理】rush 的用法 1. rush 在本句中为动词,意为“仓促,急促”。 rush to do sth.意为“赶紧/抢着做某事”; rush to 意为“冲向,奔向”。 Bill rushed to the door. 2. rush 做名词,意为“匆忙,繁忙”。 I can’t stop. I’m in a rush. 【固定搭配】 in a rush 匆忙地;rush hour (交通)高峰期;拥堵时刻 考点四:I was scared at first, but shouting did help. 【考点梳理】do 表示强调的用法 did 在此处为助动词,在句中起强调作用,用来表达说话者强烈的感情。did 要重读,后接动词原形,意 为“的确,确实,真的”。助动词 do 放在动词前面表示强调,随主语的人称、数和句子的时态变化而变化。 Please do be quiet for a moment. 【小试牛刀】 ( )Sam said that he would help me with housework and he _________ me yesterday. A. does help B. do help C. did help D. do to help 【答案】C 考点五:I suggest Water City Restaurant in Water World. 【考点梳理】suggest 的用法 suggest 为及物动词,意为“建议;提议” 1. suggest sth.建议/提议某事 I'll suggest a new plan to him. 2. suggest doing sth.建议/提议做某事 I suggest playing basketball after school. 3. suggest+that 引导的宾语从句 The teacher suggested that we (should) speak as much English as possible in class. 【易错点】 1. suggest 不能接双宾语,即不能用 suggest sb. sth. 2. 表示“建议某人做某事”不能用 suggest sb.to do sth., 但可以用 advise sb.to do sth. 3. suggest“建议”,后接 that 从句时,从句要用虚拟语气,即从句的谓语为“should+动词原形”, should 在此处可以省略。 【词性转换】suggest v.建议 --suggestion n.建议 3 【考点拓展】 动词 suggest suggest sth. suggest doing sth. suggest (that) sb. (should) do sth. advise advise sb. (not) to do sth. advise doing sth. 名词 suggestion 可数名词 advice 不可数名词 【小试牛刀】 ( )1. — What a good ___________ you've given me! Thanks a lot. — My pleasure. A. information B. news C. suggestion D. advice 2. 他提议坐公交车去那儿。 He ____________ ___________ there _________ __________. 3. 他建议我们应该立刻做这件事。He __________ _________ we ___________ do it at once. 【答案】1. C; 2. suggested; going; by bus ; 3. suggested; that; should 考点六:On their way to Water City Restaurant, Alice and He Wei pass by Uncle Bobs. 【考点梳理】pass by 的用法 1. pass by 意为“路过;经过”,相当于 go past,前者 pass 是动词,后者 past 是介词。 I passed by the post office last night at about ten o'clock. 2. pass by 还意为“(时间)逝去;过去”,此时与 go by 同义。 The patient grew steadily better as the days passed by. 【考点梳理】Uncle Bob's 的用法 Uncle Bob's 相当于 Uncle Bob's Restaurant,当名词所有格限定的是表示住宅、诊所、商店等的名词时,该 名词通常省略。 They are cutting hair at the barber's (shop). 考点七:When you visit a foreign country, it is important to know how to ask for help politely. 【考点梳理】politely 的用法 politely 为副词,意为“礼貌地;客气地”,常用来修饰动词。 The old should be spoken to politely. 对老人说话要有礼貌。 【词性转换】 polite adj.有礼貌的 impolite adj.不礼貌的 politely adv.礼貌地 impolitely adv.不礼貌地 【注意】polite 的比较级是 more/less polite 更有礼貌的/不如...有礼貌的。 【小试牛刀】 ( )When you visit a foreign country, it is important to know how to ask for help_________. A. lately B. widely C. politely 【答案】C 4 考点八:These are similar requests for directions. 这些是相似的问路请求。 【考点梳理】request 的用法 1. request 为可数名词,意为“要求;请求”,多指比较正式的请求,其后常接“for 十名词”的结构,引出请求 的具体内容,意为“……的要求”。 My friend refused their request for a meeting. make a request (for sth.) 要求/请求(某事物) 2. request 还可做及物动词,意为“要求;请求”,其常见用法为: (1)request sth.(from sb.) (向某人)请求/要求某事物 They tried to request help from the society. (2)request sb.(not) to do sth. 请求某人(不要)做某事 The waiter requested me not to smoke in the restaurant. Our head teacher requests us to arive at school on time. (3)request+that 从句 (从句用虚拟语气,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”形式,其中 should 可省略) I request that he (should) go alone. 【小试牛刀】根据汉语意思完成句子 那个人向我请求要些热水。 The man ___________ some hot water ___________ me. 【答案】requested; from 【考点梳理】direction 的用法 direction 为名词,意为“方向;方位”,往此处指“(行路的)指引,指示 ”,做这一用法时常用复 数形式。 He walked in the direction of the bank. Let’s stop and ask for drections. 【固定搭配】 give sb. directions to... 给某人指去...的路 ask for directions 问路 in the direction of... 向着...的方向 in one’s direction 朝着某人的方向 in all directions= in every direction 朝四面八方 in the opposite direction 朝着相反的方向 【考点拓展】 direct adj.直接的,直率的 indirect n.间接的 directly adv.直接地 director n.导演 【小试牛刀】 ( )Scared by the loud noise, the rabbits ran off _________ all directions. A. on B. at C. in D.by 【答案】C 考点九:Both are correct, but the first one sounds less polite. 【考点梳理】correct 的用法 1. correct 为形容词,意为“正确的;恰当的”,相当于 right。 Can you tell me the correct answer? 5 2. correct 为动词,意为“纠正,改正” It’s time to correct your attitude. 【词形转换】 incorrect adj. 不正确的 correctly adv.正确地;无误地 【小试牛刀】 ( )As we all know, a person learns many things by making mistakes and_________ them. A. corrects B. correct C. to correct D. correcting 【答案】D 【考点梳理】 “less+形容词/副词”的用法 “less+形容词/副词”构成降级比较结构,相当于汉语“不那么;稍许不……”之意,此时 less 为副词。“less 十形容词/副词” 后面还可接 than,引入比较的对象。 【小试牛刀】 ( )—I feel ______ after a night's good sleep. —Yeah, sleeping is the best way to relax. A. very tired B. more tired C. less tired D. the most tired 【答案】C 考点十:That is because it is a very direct question. 那是因为它提问过于直接。 【考点梳理】That is because...的用法 That is because.….意为“ 那是因为……”,其中 because 引导表语从句,用来说明原因。 Lucy looks unhappy. That is because she didn't win a prize. 【考点拓展】That is why... 表示“那是...的原因”,why 引导的表语从句表示结果。 Jim overslept this morning. This is why he was late for school. Jim was late for school. That is because he overslept this morning. 考点十一:The expressions they use might depend on whom they are speaking to or how well they know each other. 他们所用的表达可能取决于他们的谈话对象或他们对彼此的熟悉程度。 【结构分析】此句是多重复合句,本句包含了一个定语从句和两个宾语从句。they use 是省略 which/that 的定语从句,修饰先行词 The expressions。宾语从句 whom they are speaking to 和 how well they know each other 并列做谓语 depend on 的宾语。 【考点梳理】whom 的用法 whom 为代词,意为“谁;什么人”,是 who 的宾格;口语中多数情况下用 who 代替 whom,若紧跟介词之 后只能用 whom。 With whom did you go on a vacation last month? Who did you go on a vacation with last month? 【中考高频考点】 whom 做关系代词,在定语从句中做宾语,代替先行词(人)。 Do you know the man whom she is talking with? 6 【小试牛刀】 ( )— Please tell me something about Yang Liwei. — He is a great astronaut of _________ Chinese are proud. A. that B. whose C. who D. whom 【答案】D 考点十二:I'm looking forward to your reply.我期待你的回复。(P24) 【考点梳理】look forward to 期待,盼望 look forward to 中的 to 为介词,其后接名词、代词或动名词做宾语。 We are looking forward to seeing that singer. 【小试牛刀】 ( )We allook forward to_________ you again soon. A. see B. seeing C. seen 【答案】B 大显身手 ( )1. —Where is the post office? —Take the elevator to the second floor. The post office is __________ to the bookstore. A. beside B. by C. next D. on ( )2. —Excuse me. Could you please tell me __________ my car? —Sure. Park it right here. I’ll help you. A. how to stop B. where to park C. where to stop D. when to park ( )3. We can hardly believe that you learn to dance so __________. A. politely B. quickly C. useful D. usefully ( )4. — Could you tell me __________ for class this morning? — I am sorry, Mrs. Lin. I got up so late that I couldn’t catch the first bus. A. why were you late B. why you are late C. why are you late D. why you were late ( )5. —Where is the bookstore? —Take the elevator ________ the second floor and turn left. And the bookstore is _________ the furniture store and the drugstore. A. at; next to B. at; between C. to; between D. to; next to 7 ( )6. The children are looking forward to___________a picnic at the weekend. A. have B. having C. has D. had ( )7. Before she went abroad she spent as much time as she could _________ English. A. practise to speak B. practising speaking C. practise speaking D. to practise speaking ( )8. I ___________ him to give up the foolish idea. A. would B. suggested C. advice D. advised ( )9. In some parts of London, missing a bus means _________ for another hour. A. waiting B. to wait C. wait D. to be waiting ( )10. Can you tell me the way __________ your school? A. of B. about C. to D. from ( )11. Would you mind ______ quiet for a moment? I'm trying __________ a form. A. keeping;filling out B. to keep;to fill out C. keeping;to fill out D. to keep;filling out ( )12. Our teacher told us that the moon __________ round the earth. A. went B. turned C. go D. turns ( )13. You _________ to change the battery because it still has much electricity. A.need B.not need C.needn’t D.don’t need ( )14. All of the boys wonder _________ you cried at the meeting. A. why B. that C. how D. to ( )15. I can’t send an e-mail. Would you please show me_________ it? A. doing B. to do C. what to do D. how to do 【答案】1-5 CBBDC 6-10 BDDAC 11-15 CDDAD 8 重点语法-- 特殊疑问词引导的宾语从句 当宾语从句是特殊疑问句时,疑问词就是宾语从句的引导词。连接代词 who,whom,whose,which, what 和连接副词 where, how, why, when 可引导宾语从句,并在从句中做一定成分。 一、连接词的含义及功能 词类 词汇 中文含义 在句中的功能 连接代词 who 谁(主格) 除 在 句 中 起 连 接 作 用 外,还在宾语从句中做 主语、宾语、定语或表 语。 whom 谁(宾格) whose 谁的(所有格) what 什么 which 哪个 连接副词 when 什么时候 除 在 句 中 起 连 接 作 用 外,还在宾语从句中做 状语,不能省略。 where 什么地方;哪里 how 怎样;如何 why 为什么,...的原因 Do you know who will come this afternoon?(who 在宾语从句中做主语) She asked whose hair band that was.(whose 在宾语从句中做定语) I want to know when the plane will take off.(when 在宾语从句中做状语) Did you hear what she said?(what 在宾语从句中做宾语) Please explain why you were late for class again.(why 在宾语从句中做状语) 【注意】 how 与某些形容词或副词构成的词组也可以引导宾语从句,主要有 how old, how many, how much, how long, how often, how far 等。 He didn't tell me how long he would stay there. 二、常跟连接代词或连接副词引导的宾语从句的动词 可跟连接代词或连接副词引导的宾语从句的(短语)动词有:say, tell, ask, answer, know, decide, show, remember, choose, find out 等。 We haven't decided where we should go for the holiday. Can you tell me when the sports meeting will begin? I want to know whose book this is. 三、语序的变化 在含有宾语从句的复合句中,无论主句是陈述句还是疑问句,宾语从句都必须使用陈述语序,即 “主句十引导词十宾语从句(主语+谓语+其他)”。因此,当特殊疑问句做宾语从句时,一定要注意语序。 “When will we start?” I wonder. →I wonder when we will start. When will the sports meeting begin? → Can you tell me when the sports meeting will begin? 9 当疑问代词 what/who 在特殊疑问句中做主语时, 该特殊疑问句本身即是陈述语序,所以转变成宾语 从句后无需再调整语序。 "Who watered the flower?” the teacher wonders. → The teacher wonders who watered the flower. 四、宾语从句可转化成“疑问词十动词不定式”结构 如果从句的主语与主句的主语或主句的宾语一致,则由疑问词引导的宾语从句可以转化为“疑问 词+动词不定式”结构。 I'm not sure when I can turn off the light. = I'm not sure when to turn off the light. She doesn’t know where she can park her car. = She doesn’t know where to park her car. 【小试牛刀】 ( )1.—Do you know ________ the Capital Museum? — Next Friday. A. when will they visit B.when they will visit C. when did they visit D.when they visited ( )2.He wanted to know _______ the English party. A.when will we have B.when we will have C.when would we have D.when we would have ( )3.I want to know ________. A.when we should arrive at the airport B.when should we arrive at the airport C.when the airport we should arrive at D.when the airport should we arrive at ( )4. —David, look at the man in white over there. Can you tell me __________? —He is a doctor. A.Who is he B.who he is C.what is he D.what he is ( )5. I don’t know when ___________. A. will the train leave B. the train will leave C. would the train leave D. the train leave ( )6. Do you know what ___________ with Jim? A. is wrong B. wrong is C. wrong was D. the matter is ( )7.— I want to know ____________. — Why not go to the park? A. where I can go for a picnic B. where can I go for a picnic C. what I can go for a picnic D. what can I go for a picnic ( )8. Do you know__________ daughter she is? A. whose B. whom C. what D. who 10 ( )9. They wondered if the teacher __________them some English songs the next week. A. would teach B. had taught C. will teach D. taught ( )10. He asked me if I knew_____________. A. whose pen was it B. whose pen it was C. whose pen it is D. whose pen is it 【答案】1-5 B D A D B 6-10 AAAAB 题型专项一--完形填空 Mr. White is a blind man who likes traveling alone. However, as a blind man, he has met a lot of troubles in his ___1___. Once Mr. White traveled to Texas. It was his first time to go there. On the plane, he sat next to a woman who ___2___ Texas. The woman told him that everything was ___3___ and better in her city. When Mr. White arrived, he found a ___4___ and decided to spend the night there. After dinner, Mr. White went to a wine bar (酒吧) and ordered a glass of wine. When the waiter brought him one, he was surprised, “Wow! How big!” he said. Mr. White doesn’t drink often, ___5___ he was a little drunk (喝醉) after drinking the wine. He wanted to go to the ___6___, so he asked another waiter for ___7___. “Turn right at the information desk and it is the second door on the right,” said the waiter. When Mr. White walked past the first door, he fell down. He missed(错过) the ___8___ and went towards the third door instead. Not realizing that he had entered the swimming area, he walked forward and then ___9___ into the swimming pool. At that time he ___10___ that the woman said everything there was bigger. “Don’t flush(冲洗)! Don’t flush!” he shouted as soon as he got his head above water. ( )1. A. hometown B. trips C. houses ( )2. A. came from B. heard from C. looked at ( )3. A. smaller B. newer C. bigger ( )4. A. museum B. restaurant C. hotel ( )5. A. although B. until C. so ( )6. A. restaurant B. restroom C. hotel ( )7. A. addresses B. directions C. orders ( )8. A. second B. third C. fourth ( )9. A. jumped B. turned C. fell ( )10. A. remembered B. dreamed C. discovered 【答案】1~5 BACCC 6~10 BBACA 11 题型专项二--情景交际 A: Hello, Mike! 11. ____________________________________? B: Yes, I can. Walk along the street, turn left at the first crossing, and the City Park is next to Xinhua Bookstore. A: OK, I know. 12. ____________________________________? B: Yes, I have. I have been there twice. 13. ____________________________________? A: Because I’d like to admire the moon with my families tonight. 14. ____________________________? B: I think it’s very clean and beautiful. The longer you stay in the park, the more you will love it. I can go there with you, but it’s a little far from here. 15.____________________________________? A: Good idea! The bus station is over there. Let’s go! 11.Could you (please)tell me the way to The City Park?12.Have you ever been there? 13.Why do you want to go there? 14.What do you think of the City Park? 15.How about taking a bus? Homework 一、阅读表达 In 1871, when she was twelve years old, Plorence Kelley’s father took her to a Pennsylvania glass factory to show her the wonders of America’s factories. When she went inside, she saw small children working with pots full of acid (酸). Kelley was angry. She later learned that there were over one million children working in hot, crowded and unsafe factories. The work was very dangerous. Every year tens of thousands of kids died or were seriously hurt. In 1889, Kelley knew that she had to do something. She wrote a book called Our Tolling Children. Kelley asked people not to buy things made by child workers. Kelley started giving speeches and writing reports. Within a few years, she became famous. Everyone knew her as the leader against child labor (劳动力). In 1893, Kelley fought for new law in Illinois, which said no factories could employ (雇佣) child workers under the age of fourteen. In the same year, a new job, Chief Factory Inspector, was also created, and Kelley got the job to make sure everyone followed the law. However, in Kelley’s second year as Chief Factory Inspector, something had happened. Smallpox (天花) broke out in Illinois. Lots of people died of it. Kelley knew that smallpox was passed easily from one person to another. It was even passed by clothing. When Kelley knew that sick people were still making clothes and giving the clothes to the children and people in their village, she then visited factory after factory. Whenever she saw sick workers, she made them stop working. Kelley told the factory owners to burn the clothes. Even though they were very angry, they burned thousands of dollars’ worth of clothes. Kelley’s actions saved many American children from smallpox, and she kept working for children’s rights for the rest of her life. 1. What were the wonders of America’s factories when Kelley was young? __________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. How did Kelley make sure everyone followed the new law? __________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. When did Smallpox break out in Illinois? __________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Why did Kelley tell factory owners to burn clothes? __________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. Kelley spent her whole life working for children’s rights, didn’t she? 12 __________________________________________________________________________________________ 二、阅读理解 Today almost everyone has a smart phone. So street phone booths (亭) are out of date and seem to be useless. But cities like Shanghai are trying to bring the old phone booths to life. Shanghai will make changes to 263 phone booths in Xuhui District. The Library Booth is one of the six new kinds of booths, offering 60 booths for people to borrow and read. Another kind allows users to listen to audiobooks (有声书) and even record their own voices. Shanghai is not the only city trying to save the old phone booths. London cares about them even more, because the red booths have long been a special scene in London since the 1930s when they were painted all red. In recent years, London has come up with many ideas to help phone booths stay useful. The UK company British Telecom has added screens and free WiFi to some booths. Users can use them to surf online and search for maps and weather reports. The company also allows people to rent (租) some booths to change them as they want to. Since 2009, more than 1,500 phone booths have been turned into flower shops, mini-cafes, art museums and even shower rooms. In New York City, three phone booths in Time Square are turned into places for immigrant (移民) voices. When visitors pick up the phone, they can listen to oral histories of immigration from the newest New Yorkers. They can also open the books inside the booth to know more about the storytellers. Or they can share a part of their own stories if they wish. Brazil made phone booths works of art. Sao Paulo paired 100 artists with 100 phone booths. Some artists painted on the booths, and others made them sculptures (雕塑) — one was shaped like a brain and another wore a pair of shoes. Phone booths are finding creative ways to live on. Will they succeed? Only time will tell. ( )6. Street phone booths are out of date and seem to be useless because _______. A. the street phone booths are very old B. smart phones are widely used in daily life C. there is no WiFi and screens in the booths ( )7. London tried harder than Shanghai to keep the phone booths useful in the following ways EXCEPT _______. A. providing screens and free WiFi B. turning the old phone booths into six new kinds of booths C. giving people a chance to change old phone booths for other uses ( )8. For the special use of phone booths in New York, visitors CAN’T _______. A. share their own stories if they wish B. read books inside the booth about Time Square C. listen to oral histories from the newest New Yorkers ( )9. Brazil made phone booths artworks by _______. A. changing them into sculptures B. making one booth look like a pair of shoes C. pairing 100 artists with 100 phone booths ( )10. What can we learn from the passage? A. Phone booths will be sure to succeed living on in the near future. B. Different cities may use different ways to bring phone booths back to life. C. Some visitors in New York City may be glad to share their own stories in the Library Booth. 【答案】BBBCB 查看更多

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