1 学生姓名 班级 辅导学科 英语 上课时间 课次 第_____次课 授课主题 九全 Unit 2 Section B 教学重点 九下 Unit 2 Section B 重点词汇和短语;完形与五选四 教学难点 宾语从句 Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious. 本次课教案: 考点一:But behind all these things lies the true meaning of Christmas: the importance of sharing and giving love and joy to people around us. 【考点梳理】本句是一个完全倒装句。介词短语 behind all these things 做状语位于句首,句子构成完全倒 装,即谓语 lies 在前,主语 the true meaning of Christmas 在后。谓语动词的单复数由主语决定。 Outside the house were two dogs. Behind the mountain was a small village where about 20 people lived. 【小试牛刀】 ( )In front of the buildings _______ a blind man. A. sit B. sits C. are sitting D. have sat 【答案】B 考点二:A Christmas Carol is a famous short novel written by Charles Dickens. 《圣诞欢歌》是查尔斯.狄更斯写的一部著名的短篇小说。 【考点梳理】句中的 written by Charles Dickens 是过去分词短语,在句中做定语,修饰前面的名词 novel。 过去分词做定语时,一般位于所修饰的名词之后,相当于一个定语从句,多表示已完成的动作或与被修饰 的词构成被动关系。 Harry Potter was the novel written by J.K.Rowling.《哈利·波特》是 J.K.罗琳写的小说。 【小试牛刀】 ( )A nurse _______Carolyn will look after the baby when his mother _______away. A. naming; is B. naming; will be C. named; is D. named; will be 【答案】C 考点三:He doesn't treat others nicely. 他对待其他人也不友善。 【考点梳理】treat 的用法 1. treat 及物动词 (1) 对待;看待;把…看作 treat... as / like Do not treat this serious matter as a joke. (2) 处理;为……涂上保护层 2 This substance must be treated with acid. 这材料得用酸来处理。 (3) 探讨;论述 The book treats some political problems. 该书论述某些政治问题。 (4) 医疗;治疗(+ for) The doctors were not able to treat this disease.医生治不了这种病。 (5)款待,请(客) treat sb. to sth. We’ll treat you to dinner. 2. treat 不及物动词 (1)探讨;论述 + of / about This book treats of economic problems.这本书探讨经济问题。 (2)谈判;协商 + for / with. Is it necessary that we treat with that country? 我们是否有必要与那个国家谈判? (3) 请客 I’ll treat today. 今天我请客。 3. treat 可数名词 (1)请客 It’s my treat. 我请客。 (2)难得的乐事 It’s a great treat for them to go to the theater. 他们去看戏真是乐事。 For dessert we had fresh strawberries---a real treat.饭后甜点我们吃草莓---真是难得的享受。 考点四:One Christmas Eve, Scrooge sees the ghost of Jacob Marley, his dead business partner. 一个圣诞前夜里,斯克鲁奇见到了已经逝去的生意伙伴雅各布.马利的亡灵。 【考点梳理】dead 的用法 dead 是动词 die 的形容词形式,意为“死的;失去生命的”,在句中做定语或表语。the dead 表示死去的人或物。 The famous writer has been dead for a few years. 【考点辨析】die, dead, death, dying (1)die 意为“死”,是不及物动词,强调一时的动作,一般指由于疾病、负伤等原因死亡。die 是个短暂性 动词,不能和时间段连用。 (2)dead 强调的是“死”的状态,意为“死的,无生命的”,是形容词,做表语或定语。如果表达“已经去世 一段时间”,则用“have been dead+for+时间段”或“died+时间段+ago”。 His father has been dead for two years. (3)death 意为“死,死亡”,是名词,只用作主语或宾语。 He was happy to the day of his death. (4)dying 是 die 的现在分词,也可用作形容词,表示“垂死的,要死的”,常用作定语或表语。 3 The little girl cried when she saw her dying cat. 【小试牛刀】 ( )His grandmother _______ for 6 years. And he still misses her very much. A. died B. has died C. has been dead D. has been died 【答案】C 考点五:Marley used to be just like Scrooge, so he was punished after he died. 马利曾经就像斯克鲁奇一样,所以他死后被惩罚。 【词语辨析】 used to do; be used to doing; be used to do; 1. be/get used to doing 习惯于做... He gets used to living in the city. The Greens are used to taking a walk afer supper. 2. be used to do sth. 被用来做某事 =be used for doing sth. Stamps are used to post letters.= Stamps are used for posting letters. 3. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事。表示过去做过的事现在已经不做,只用于过去时态。 I used to get up at six. He used to wear glasses, but now he is used to wearing contact lenses. 他以前常戴眼镜,但现在习惯戴隐形眼镜。 【小试牛刀】 ( ) 1.— How does Jack usually go to work? — He __________ drive a car, but now he __________ there to lose weight. A. used to; is used to walk B. was used to; is used to walking C. was used to; is used to walk D. used to; is used to walking ( ) 2. She__________ live with her grandparents, but she doesn’t now. A. used to B. is used to C. was used to ( ) 3. She __________ live alone. But she _________ living alone because she feels lonely. A. used to; doesn’t used to B. is used to; was used to C. used to; is not used to D. was used to; doesn’t used to 【答案】 D A C 【考点梳理】punish 的用法 punish 为动词,意为“处罚;惩罚”。 punishment n.处罚,惩罚 Anyone who broke the traffic rules will be punished. 1. punish sb.by doing sth. 通过做某事来惩罚某人 My parents used to punish me by not letting me watch TV. 2. punish sb.for (doing) sth. 因(做)某事而惩罚某人 Mom punished us for our rudeness. 【小试牛刀】 4 ( ) 4. Tourists __________because of their impolite behavior in our country from now on. A.will punish B. will be punished C. is punishing 【答案】B 考点六:He warns Scrooge to change his ways if he doesn’t want to end up like him. 【考点梳理】warn 作动词,意为“警告;告诫”,常用于以下结构: 1. warn sb. (not) to do sth. 意为“告诫某人(不要)做某事”。 He warned her to keep silent. His parents warned him not to spend too much time playing computer games. 2. warn sb. against doing sth. 意为“告诫某人不要做某事”。 They warned me against swimming in that part of the river. 他们告诫我不要在河的那一带游泳。 Doctors often warn the patients against smoking. 3. warn sb. of/ about sth. 意为“提醒/警告某人注意某事”。 She warned us about the serious situation. 她提醒我们注意形势的严峻性。 They warned the passengers about thieves. I warned him of the danger. 【小试牛刀】 ( ) 1. The policeman warned the man __________ after drinking. (2018 海南中考) A. not to drive B. to drive C. driving 【答案】A 【考点梳理】 end up 意为“终止;结束”,其后可以跟 with; in; doing 等: 1. end up with 表示“以……结束”,其后可以跟任何名词。 If you do that, you’ll end up with egg on your face. 你要是那样做,必将出洋相。 2. end up in 后面一般接一个地点名词。 If you continue to steal, you’ll end up in prison. 你要是继续行窃,早晚得进监狱。 3. end up doing 表示“以做……结束”。 The party ended up singing an English song. 晚会以一首英文歌而结束。 【固定搭配】 at the end of... 在...末端/尽头 by the end of... 到...末为止 in the end 最终 【小试牛刀】翻译 2. 如果你不听我的话,你会以失败告终。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 【答案】If you don’t listen to me, you’ll end up with failure. 考点七:First, the Ghost of Christmas Past takes him back to his childhood and reminds Scrooge of his happier days as a child. 【考点梳理】remind 的用法归纳 5 1. v. 提醒 (1)remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事 Please remind me to call him back. (2)remind sb. of / about sth. 提醒某人某事 We must send a letter to remind them about it. (3)remind sb. that+从句 提醒某人... Please remind me that I should return the books to the library. 2. 使……想起 remind sb. of sth. This photo reminds me of my childhood. 【小试牛刀】 ( ) — Could you please remind me __________ there on time? I’m afraid that I will forget it. — Sure. A. arrive B. arriving C. to arrive 【答案】C 考点八:Then the second spirit, the Ghost of Christmas Present, takes him to see how others are spending Christmas this year. 接着,第二个精灵,“圣诞现在之灵”领他去看这一年其他人如何欢度圣诞。 【考点梳理】present 的用法 1. present 做名词 (1)意为“现在”,此时为不可数名词。at present 意为“目前,现在”。 What's the boss doing at present? (2)意为“礼物”,此时为可数名词,相当于 gift。 I give a present to my grandfather. 2. present 做形容词 (1)意为“现在的”。 I'm satisfied with my present job. (2)意为“出席的;在场的” ,修饰名词时要后置。 There were 200 people present when the meeting started.会议开始时有 200 人在场。 3. present 做动词,意为“把…交给;授予”。 The school presented Mr.Wang with a gold medal.学校授予王老师一块金牌。 【小试牛刀】 ( ) Attention, please! The award will be _______ to the best singer of the year-Coco Lee. A. lent B. introduced C. donated D. presented 【答案】D 考点九:He decides to change his life and promises to be a better person. 他决定改变自己的人生,并承诺去做一个更好的人。 【考点梳理】 promise 的用法小结 6 1. vt. 意为“承诺,保证,答应”。 (1)promise to do sth. 答应做某事。 I promised to study harder but sometimes I just can’t control myself. (2)promise sb. to do sth. 答应某人做某事。 He promised me to buy a bike for my birthday gift. (3)promise (sb.)+ that 从句 He promised me that he would buy a bike for my birthday gift. (4)promise sb. sth. =promise sth. to sb. 承诺某人某物 He promised a new bike to his daughter. = He promised his daughter a new bike. 2. n. 意为“诺言;承诺;保证” make a promise 做出承诺 keep one’s promise 遵守诺言 break one’s promise 违背诺言 He is always making promises and then breaking them.他总是做出承诺,然后违背诺言。 考点十:He now treats everyone with kindness and warmth, spreading love and joy everywhere he goes. 【考点梳理】everywhere 的用法 英语中 where/wherever/everywhere/anywhere 等都可以来引导地点状语从句,说明动作发生的地点。 Sit wherever you like. 你喜欢坐哪就坐哪。 Wherever I am I will be thinking of you. 无论我在哪里,都会想你的。 【小试牛刀】 ( )The book stays with me in the car _________ I go. A. everyone B. anything C. everywhere D. anywhere 【答案】C 【考点梳理】spread 的用法 1. spread 在此处为动词,意为“传播;展开”,其过去式和过去分词都为 spread。 The disease spread over the whole country quickly. The news that we are going to have a school trip spreads quickly. 2. spread 还可做名词,意为“蔓延;传播”,一般用作单数名词。 The spread of the disease frightened the villagers.这种疾病的蔓延吓坏了村民们。 【小试牛刀】根据汉语提示完成句子 Bad news _________________ (传播) faster. 【答案】spreads 7 大显身手 ( )1. — What did you do on April Fool’s Day? — I played a trick my brother. A. on B. to C. with D. at ( )2. — Have you found the poor dog yet? — Yes. But he was when we found him. The bad weather killed him. A. dying B. died C. dead D. death ( )3. — It’s dangerous to swim in this river. — Yes, you are right. The government has people not to swim in it. A. trained B. warned C. led D. encouraged ( )4. Annie ended up English as a foreign language. A. teach B. taught C. teaching D. to teach ( )5. After a 3-week winter vacation, students usually some weight when they return to school. A. put away B. put up C. put in D. put on ( )6. — The Dragon Boat races are so exciting, but our boat is still behind. — Don’t worry. I am sure our team will win! A. if B. that C. whether D. why ( )7. —________ excellent work you have done! —It’s very kind of you to say so. A. What an B. How C. What D. How a ( )8. He promised ________ his old friend during his stay in Tianjin. A. see B. seeing C. saw D. to see ( )9. —Where did you put the books, Anne? —I ________ them on the shelf. A. lie B. lied C. lay D. laid ( )10. The children decided ________ their schoolyard this Friday afternoon. A. clean B. to clean C. cleaning D. cleaned 【答案】ACBCD BCDDB 8 重点语法-- that/if/whether 引导的宾语从句 宾语从句属于名词性从句。在句子中起宾语作用的从句叫作宾语从句。在本单元中,我们重点 讲述宾语从句的两类引导词,分别是 that 以及 if/whether。 一、由 that 引导的宾语从句 1. 引导词 当宾语从句为陈述句时,用 that 引导,that 无词义,在从句中不充当成分,只在宾语从句中起连接作 用,在口语或非正式文体中常省略。 I think (that) he is the best actor in America. 注意:在以下情况下,that 不可省略。 (1)当宾语从句的主语是 that 时。 She says that that is a real gold ring. (2)当宾语从句前有插入语时。 My brother always says,for example, that he is more interested in English. 2. 从句的语序 that 引导的宾语从句本身就是陈述语序,不需要做任何变化。 3. 从句的时态 that 引导的宾语从句在时态上分为三种情况: (1)如果主句是一般现在时,则宾语从句要根据需要选用任何时态。 (主现从任) The boy believes that he will travel through the forest by himself. (2)如果主句是一般过去时,则宾语从句也要用相应的过去的某种时态。(主过从过) She didn't know that Tom had left for Shanghai. (3)如果宾语从句是客观真理、自然现象或谚语等,无论主句是什么时态,宾语从句仍用一般现在时。 Our teacher told us that light travels faster than sound. (客观真理用现在) 4. 宾语从句的否定 当主句的主语是第一人称(l,we),而且谓语动词是 think, guess, believe, suppose, expect 等时,如果宾 语从句表达否定意思,则要遵循“否定前移”,即只能否定主句,不能否定从句。 I don't think he should treat you like that. 二、由 if/whether 引导的宾语从句 1. 关联词 whether 和 if 都意为“是否”,它们引导宾语从句时也不在从句中做成分,但不能省略。这类从句一般 可理解为是由一般疑问句形式或选择疑问句形式的直接引语转化而来。 Mary asked me if /whether I needed any help. 2. 从句的语序 9 if/whether 引导的宾语从句要用陈述语序。 She asked me if/whether I knew whose pen it was. 3. if 和 whether 的用法及区别 一般情况下,没有区别,可以互换。if 常用于口语中,whether 比较正式。但在下列情况下,两者不能互换。 (1)引导介词的宾语从句时,只能用 whether。 I'm thinking of whether we should go on a picnic.我在想我们是否该去野餐。 (2)与 or not 直接连用时,只能用 whether,不可与 if 互换。 I can't say whether or not he will come on time. (3)与动词不定式连用时,只能用 whether,不能用 if。 He can't decide whether to go or to stay. (4)用 if 会引起歧义时,只能用 whether. Could you please tell me whether you know the answer? (5)宾语从句提前时,只能用 whether。 Whether they will join in the Winter Camp I don’t care. 【小试牛刀】 ( )1. John told his little daughter the earth ________ from the west to the east. A. moved B. moving C. moves D. move ( )2. He asked me ________. A. if I would go skating with him B. when did I buy the CD C. that I had a good time ( )3. We all know that light ________faster than sound. A. travels B. to travel C. travelling D. travelled ( )4. —What did Tom say to you just now, John? — He asked ________ . A. why I am so happy today B. who did I play football with after school C. what will I do for the weekend D. if I could go to the movies with him tonight ( )5. —Do you know_______ next Friday, Lily? —If it doesn't rain, we will. A. if we will take a field trip B. will we take a field trip C. why we will take a field trip ( )6. I wonder____________ . 10 A. if the program Readers is popular B. how does the program Readers succeed C. when did the program Readers begin D. whether is the program Readers popular ( )7. —Excuse me, I wonder ________ . —Yes, it's near the bookstore. A. where we will go for the holiday B. if there is a lost and found office C. when she will give me a call D. how can we go to Hong Kong ( )8. —What did your uncle say to you just now? —He asked me ________. A. how could I work it out B. when did I go to the library C. why I am late for school D. if I had got ready for the exam ( )9. — Can you spare time to come to our Thanksgiving party? — Well, I don’t know________. A. that I can finish my work by then B. if can I finish the work by then C. whether I can finish the work by then D. that can I finish the work by then ( )10. — Could you please tell me ________? — Let me see. In twenty minutes. A. how often you go to your grandpa’s house B. how soon the meeting will begin C. how long it takes from your home to school D. what time it is now 【答案】1-5 C A A DA 6-10 A B D C B 11 题型专项一--完形填空 Mr. and Mrs. Turner live outside a small town. They have a big farm and they are always busy 1 it. Their son, Peter, 2 at a middle school. The young man studied hard and did well in his lessons. It made them 3 . Last month Peter finished middle school and 4 the entrance examination. Mrs. Turner was very happy and told the farmers about it. Yesterday morning the woman went to the town to buy something for her son. On the bus she told one of her friends how 5 and able her son was. She spoke very loudly. All the people in the bus began to listen to her. “Which university will your son study in?” A woman next to her asked. “In the most famous university in our country!” Mrs. Turner said 6 . “The most famous university?” “Oxford University.” Most of the 7 looked at her carefully. Some of them said to her, “Congratulations!” A woman said, “I’m sure he’ll know Fred Smith.’’ “ 8 Fred Smith?” “He’s my son.” “Does he study in the university, too?” “No,” said the woman, “He is one of the professors.” The woman wanted to stop Mrs. Turner from showing 9 . Mrs. Turner’s face turned red, thinking to herself, won’t be so 10 anymore.” ( )1. A. working on B. keeping on C. getting on ( )2. A. taught B. studied C. researched ( )3. A. surprised B. disappointed. C. happy ( )4. A. failed B. succeeded C. passed ( )5. A. honest . B. stupid C. clever ( )6. A. quietly B. loudly C. aloud ( )7. A. women B. passengers C. students ( )8. A. Who’s. B. How’s C. What’s ( )9. A. off B. up C. on ( )10. A. smart B. kind C. proud 12 【答案】1-5ABCCC 6-10BBAAC 题型专项二--五选四 Stephen Hawking was one of the most famous scientists in this century. He was born in 1942. He’s a world well-known scientist on space and time. Stephen is researching some very big questions, such as; How did the universe begin? How will it end? 1.________ He studied math and science. Then, at the age of twenty, he became sick. He was so young» but the doctors said to his family, “He has only two more years to live.” 2.______ He couldn’t walk but he used a wheelchair. He couldn’t feed himself or got in or out of bed himself. But he refused to give in to the condition. He talked with the help of a computer. After Oxford, Stephen went to Cambridge University. Three years later, in 1965, he became a doctor of philosophy(哲学). Because of his serious health problems, it was difficult for him to draw diagrams(图表)or to write. So he started to think in pictures. 3.______ In 1981, he met the Pope(教皇) in Rome. They talked about h 么 ideas. Then in 1988, he wrote his first important book, A Brief History of Time. 4.________ He was once invited to China, and he impressed us with his self-confidence,humorous and funny conversation. “Hello. My name is Stephen Hawking---physicist, cosmologist and something of a drearier. Although I cannot move and I have to speak through a computer, in my mind, I am free.” This is one of his self-introductions which is ordinary but not mediocre(平庸的). 【答案】ECAB A. With this new way of thinking, he became one of the most famous scientists in the world. B. It sold more than 5.5 million copies in 33 different languages. C. As a matter of fact, the doctors were wrong---he didn’t die at that time. D. He passed away this year at the age of 76, which made the whole world totally sad. E. Stephen was a student at Oxford University. 13 Homework 一、单选 ( ) 1. My son will go to kindergarten (幼儿园) this September. A. four year old B. four-years-old C. four years’ old D. four-year-old ( ) 2. My little brother was always getting into with my parents. A. decision B. trouble C. pride D. mistake ( ) 3. When I entered the classroom, my surprise, all of the students stood up quickly. A. for B. with C. to D. in ( ) 4. On summer nights, we often go to sleep the window open. A. in B. with C. on D. at ( ) 5. — Do you still remember that accident, Danny? — Of course. I’ll never forget it it happened so long ago. A. only if B. even though C. because of D. ever since ( ) 6. He is terrified of alone in the street at night. A. to walk B. having walked C. walking D. walked ( ) 7. I used to in the morning, but now I’m used to before going to bed. A. read; read B. reading; read C. read; reading D. reading; reading ( ) 8. — Would you like to play computer games with me? — Sorry, I have playing them. A. gone on B. given up C. looked up D. given back ( ) 9. Learning English is . All of the students are in it. A. interesting; interested B. interesting; interesting C. interested; interesting D. interested; interested ( ) 10. — What do you think of your Chinese teacher? — She is kind and with us. A. patient B. mad C. angry D. bad ( ) 11. Our school a lot these years. It looks much more beautiful than before. A. changes B. changed C. will change D. has changed ( ) 12. — Could you go to the beach with us this weekend? — I’m sorry I can’t. I study for the history test. A. can B. could C. may D. have to 14 ( ) 13. I in this small mountain village when I was a child. A. use to live B. used to living C. used to live D. used to life ( ) 14. — you take a bus to school? — Yes. But now I usually go to school on foot. A. Did; use to B. Were; used to C. Do; use to D. Will; use to ( ) 15. — I used to play tennis, but now I’m on the swim team. — A. Thanks. B. Good idea. C. All right. D. People sure change. 二、阅读表达【答案】1-5 DBCBB 6-10 CCBAA 11-15 DDCAD Almost every kid will be asked the question of whom you like better, your mother or your father. There is no doubt that mother is very great as she gives you the life, while father is also of importance. Father’s Day is invented to show gratitude to fathers. It’s coming has a story. The first person to propose(提出)the idea of Father’s Day was Mrs. Dodd in 1906. She wanted a special day to honor her father, whose wife passed away many years ago. At first, Mrs. Dodd wanted Father’s Day to be celebrated on her father’s birthday , but later President Johnson signed a paper to declare the third Sunday of June was Father’s Day. Since then, it became an international day. It is not only to honor one’s father, but also the fathers of all the people. Father’s Day reminds people to show gratitude to their fathers, who love you all the time and no matter what difficult you meet, he will stand by your side. Get ready to thank your daddy for all that he has done. Though his priceless love could never be compensated for but still why not make a try with something exclusive? Prepare some surprises, send him greeting cards, make tea for him and many more. As a student, the best way is to work hard and achieve something. However, when you grow up, just going home now and then is the best way. I bet. No matter how busy you are, remember to call them now and then. 16. Who is the first to come up with the idea of Father’s Day? 【答案】Mrs. Dodd. 17. When is Father’s Day? 【答案】The third Sunday of June. 18. Is Father’s Day only to honor one’s father? 【答案】No. 19. What does Father’s Day remind people to do? 【答案】To show gratitude to their fathers. 20. What is the best way for grown-ups to show thanks to their fathers according to the author? 【答案】Just going home now and then is the best way. 查看更多

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