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天天资源网 / 初中英语 / 教学同步 / 人教新目标Go For It! / 九年级全册 / Unit 5 What are the shirts made of? / 人教版英语九年级全册Unit5知识点学案

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1 学生姓名 上课时间 课次 第 次课 授课主题 九全 U5 教学重点 教学难点 被动语态 本次课教案: 【温故知新】 1. 缺席……_________________________________ 2. 未能做某事_____________________________ 3. 建议某人做某事___________________________ 4. 亲身;亲自_____________________________ 5. 为……感到自豪___________________________ 6. 过去经常做某事_________________________ 7. seldom____________________________________ 8. influence________________________________ 考点一:Is it made of silver? 它是银制的吗? 【考点梳理】be made of 的用法 be made of 意为“由……制成”,指原材料经过加工后没有发生质的变化,从成品中可以看得出原材料。 The coat is made of silk. Was the first kite made of wood in history? 【考点拓展】be made 相关的短语 1. be made from 意为“由……制成”,是指原材料经过加工后发生了质的变化,从成品中看不出原材料。 Bread is made from eggs,milk and flour. 2. be made in 意为“在……制造”,表示某物是在某地生产或制造的。 This furniture is made in America. 3. be made by 意为“被……制作”,表示某物是由某人或以某种方式制造的。 This pair of shoes is made by my grandmother. 4. be nade into 意为“把……制成……,使转变为”,是指用某种原材料制成某种成品。 In many parts of the world, corn is made into powder. 5. be made up 意为“由……组成/构成”,指由两个或两个以上的部分组成/构成。 This medical team is made up of one doctor and three nurses. 【小试牛刀】 ( )The latest mobile phone ___________ in China. A. will make B. has made C. is making D. is made 2 考点二:China is famous for tea ,right? 中国因茶而驰名,是吗? 【考点梳理】be famous for 的用法 be famous for 意为“因……而出名”,其同义短语为 be known for。 The town is famous for its scene. Korla, a beautiful city in Xinjiang, is famous for its delicious pears. 【短语辨析】be famous for, be famous as, be famous to 1. be famous for 表示出名的原因,意为“因……而出名”。 Hangzhou is famous for the West Lake and silk. 2. be famous as 后接表示身份、地位等的名词,意为“作为……而出名”。 She became famous as a teacher. 3. be famous to 意为“为……所熟知”,后接表示人的名词。 The book is famous to us students. 【小试牛刀】 ( )Stephen Hawking was famous ______ a scientist. He made a great contribution to the world, and he died _______ March 14th,2018. A.for; on B. as; in C.as; on 考点三:Where is tea produced in China? 中国的哪些地方产茶? 【考点梳理】produce 的用法 produce 为及物动词,意为“生产;制造;出产”。 China produces wheat. 【考点拓展】 (1)produce 还可做名词,意为“产品,(尤指农产品),是不可数名词”。 There is enough farm produce in that supermarket. (2)product 名词,可指工业产品,也可指农产品,还可指脑力劳动的产物,通常为可数名词。 There're all kinds of products in the market 【考点辨析】produce, make 1. produce 可以表示通过制造而获得产品,也可以表示生产粮食、蔬菜等,即通过种植而获得产品。 2. make 作“制造”讲时,一般可以和 produce 相互换用。但不能表示通过种植而获得产品。 They produce wheat and rice. That factory makes/produces cars. 考点四:He realized that Americans can hardly avoid buying products made in China. 【考点梳理】avoid 的用法 avoid 为动词,意为“避免;回避”,后可接名词、代词或动词-ing 形式做宾语。 1. avoid sb./sth.回避某人/某事 2. avoid doing sth.防止做某事;避免做某事 3 In order to avoid wasting resources, we must recycle them as much as possible. Since you can't avoid seeing each other, why not have a good talk? 【小试牛刀】 ( )The traffic is terribly busy in the morning.You'd better avoid _________ in the center of the city. A. drive B. driving C. to drive D. driven 考点五:According to Chinese history, sky lanterns were first used by Zhuge Kongming. 【考点梳理】according to 的用法 according to 为介词短语,意为“根据”,其中 to 为介词,后接名词、代词或从句做宾语。 According to the new traffic laws, we shouldn't drive after drinking wine.根 【小试牛刀】 ( )____________ the scientists'hard work, TiangongⅡwas launched(发射)successfully. A. As for B. Thanks to C. Instead of D. According to 考点六:They are made of bamboo and covered with paper. 【考点梳理】cover 的用法 cover 做动词,意为“遮盖;覆盖”。 1. cover sb./sth.with sth. 用某物覆盖某人/某物 2. be covered with sth. 被某物覆盖 They covered the man with a coat. The ground is covered with snow. 3. cover 还可做可数名词,意为“覆盖物;封面”。 She put plastic covers on all the desks. On the front cover of the book is a tiger. 【小试牛刀】 ( )— Why does the earth look blue in space? — Because most of the earth's surface ____________ by the ocean. A. covers B. is covered C. cover D. are covered 考点七:When the lanterns are lit, they slowly rise into the air like small hot-air balloons for all to see. 【考点梳理】rise 的用法 rise 做动词,意为“上升;攀升”,是不及物动词,过去式和过去分词分别为 rose 和 risen。 The plane rose slowly into the air. The price has risen a lot. 【考点辨析】rise, raise 1. rise 为不及物动词,意为“上升;攀升”,不能用于被动语态。表示主语自身移向较高的位置,如太阳升 起、河水上涨等。 4 2. raise 为及物动词,意为“举起;抬高”,表示人为地移动,如举手、升国旗等。 考点八 The pieces are usually cute children or lively characters from a Chinese fairy tale or historical story. 【考点梳理】lively 的用法 lively 为形容词,意为“生气勃勃的,(色彩)鲜艳的”,可做表语或定语。 She is clever and lively. 【考点辨析】lively, alive, living, live 1. lively 表示“生气勃勃的,活泼的”,可修饰人或物,用作定语或表语。 Who is the lively girl in the picture? 2. alive 表示“活着的”,可以修饰人或动植物,常做表语、宾语补足语或后置定语。 Even though we're in difficult times, we need to keep hope alive. 3. living 表示“活着的”,修饰人或物,常做表语或定语。做表语时相当于 alive。the living 表示“活着的人”, 做主语时谓语动词用复数形式。 The living are more important to us than the dead. 4. live 表示“活的,有精神的,现场直播的”,此时读作/laiv/,可修饰人或物,一般只做前置定语。 This is a live fish. 【小试牛刀】 ( )— Mr. Black always makes his class _______ and keeps his students interested in class. A. boring B. lovely C. slowly D. lively 5 一、一般现在时的被动语态 1. 主动语态与被动语态 “语态”是英语中动词的一种形式,用以说明句中主语和谓语的关系。英语有两种语态,即主动语态和被动 语态。一般来说,如果主语是动作的执行者(发出者),则使用主动语态;如果主语是动作的承受者(即 谓语动词的宾语),则使用被动语态。 2. 被动语态的构成 be 动词 +及物动词的过去分词 各时态被动语态的结构取决于 be 动词的时态变化 3. 一般现在时的被动语态结构 be 动词的一般现在时即 am, is are +及物动词的过去分词 English is spoken by many people. They aren’t allowed to go into the house. What is this kind of sweater made of? 4. 主动语态和被动语态的转换 (1)将主动语态的宾语(人称代词宾格变成主格)放在句首; (2)将谓语变成相应时态的被动语态形式; (3)如有必要,将主动语态的主语变为 by 短语,原主语如果是人称代词要变成宾格形式。 【小试牛刀】 ( )1.The pet dog is warm and loving. It _______ as a daughter of my family. A. treats B. treated C. is treated D. was treated ( )2.— Don’t you see the sign “No Parking!” on the right? —Sorry, I didn’t. But now I know parking ______ here. A. wasn’t allowed B. isn’t allowed C. won’t allow D. doesn’t allow ( )3. 根据所给的汉语内容,用英语完成下列句子。(每空限填一词) 在中国到处都有人打羽毛球。In China, badminton __________ ____________ everywhere. ( )4.— Excuse me, sir, smoking _______ in the gas station. — Oh, I’m really sorry. A. doesn’t allow B. isn’t allowed C. aren’t allowed ( )5.—What languages _______ in that country? — German and English. A. are speaking B. are spoken C. speak D. is spoken ( )6.Today, computers are really helpful. They _______ everywhere. A. use B. are used C. used D. were used ( )7.Driving after drinking wine_______ in China. A. allows B. doesn’t allow C. is allowed D. isn’t allowed 6 二、冠词 考点一:不定冠词的用法 不定冠词包括 a/an,意思相当于 one, 很多情况下可以译成“一”、“每”,但是不像 one 一样强调数量,有 时可以不译出。a 用于以辅音音素开头的单词前,an 用于以元音音素开头的单词前。 We saw a good film last night. Please give me an apple. 1.表示一类人或者一类事物中的一个。 He’s an English teacher. 2.泛指某人或某物,但不具体说明是何人或何物。 A girl is waiting for you at the school gate. 3.用在事物的单位,如时间、速度、价格等前,表示“每一”。 — How much are the oranges? — Two yuan a kilo. 4. 用在某一些固定搭配的短语中。 a lot of 许多 a little/ a few 一点 after a while 一会儿 in a hurry 匆忙地 have a look 看一看 have a good time 玩得高兴 have a cold 感冒 【小试牛刀】 ( )1. Lee Min-ho is actor from South Korea. He sang Chinese pop song on the 2014 CCTV New Year's Gala. A. the; an B. /; the C. an; a D. a; / ( )2. I’m going to be ___________basketball player. A.the B. a C. An ( )3. Cathy was very happy to meet _________ old friend on the plane to Paris. A. a B. an C. the D. / ( )4. Lin Dan is ________ excellent badminton player. I'm ________big fan of him. A. a; the B. an; a C. the; an ( )5. — Do you like ________ movie Big Hero 6? — Yes, it is ________ interesting film.I like it very much. A. a; an B. the; an C. a; the D. the; a 考点二:定冠词的用法 定冠词 the 主要对后面的名词起限定作用,“特指”是它的主要功能。 1.特指某(些)人或某(些)事物。 The apple on the plate is for you. 7 2.说话双方都知道的人或者事物。 Please go and close the door. 3.指上文刚提到的人或物。 I found a picture in the box. The picture was very beautiful. 4.用在世界上独一无二的事物前面。 The sun is bigger than the moon. 5.用在序数词和形容词的最高级前面。 You are the best student in our school. 6.与单数名词连用,表示某类人或事物。 The tiger is a fierce animal. 7.用在演奏的乐器名称和文艺活动场所前。 The little girl likes playing the violin. 8.用在某一些固定搭配的习惯用语中。 in the morning 在上午 by the way 顺便说一下 at the same time 同时 In the middle of 在……中间 make the bed 铺床 all the time 一直 【易错警示】 有定冠词和无定冠词短语的区别 1. go to school 去上学 go to the school 到学校去 2. in prison 坐牢 in the prison 在监狱里 3. in front of ... 在……(外部的)前面 in the front of 在……(内部的)前面 4. be in hospital 因病住院 be in the hospital 在医院里 5. by sea 乘船 by the sea 在大海旁 6. in class 上课 in the class 在班级里 【小试牛刀】 ( )1. — Look! Who’s boy over there? — Oh, he is my cousin, Bob. He is honest boy. A. a; the B. the; a C. the; an ( )2. Newcastle upon Tyne is in _____ north-east of England. A. a B. an C. the D. (不填) ( )3. My cousin went abroad at ________ age of eighteen. A. a B. an C. the ( )4. Let's take ______ photo! Everyone, cheese! A. A B. an C. the ( )5.Doing lots of listening practice is one of _____ best ways of becoming _____ good language learner. 8 A. the; the B. the; a C. 不填; a D. the; 不填 考点三:零冠词的用法(不用冠词) 1. 零定冠词的用法 序号 情况 例句 1 物质名词、抽象名词、专有名词前 Music can bring people pleasure. (抽象名词) 2 季节、月份、星期、节日、假日 等名词前 Winter is my favourite season because I can make snowmen. June 1 is Children’s Day. 注意:民族节日前要加 the。如:the Spring Festival 3 表示泛指的复数名词前 Books are our friends. 4 一日三餐的名词前 I go to school without breakfast. 5 球类运动、棋类的名词前 My father often plays chess with me when he is free. 6 表示独一无二的职位、头指、称呼 的名词 He was elected the chairman of the committee. 7 表示学科名词前 I was not good at physics when I was in the middle school. 8 有物主代词、指示代词、不定代词 等限定词修饰的名词前 Miss Zhang is our English teacher. 9 表示交通方式或通讯方式的名词前 Tom went to America by ship. Did you send the file by email? 10 某些固定搭配中不用冠词 at night; at first; on time; in fact; at home; go to bed; after school; by hand 【小试牛刀】 ( )1.— Will you get there by ________ bike? — No, I will take ________ bus. A. the; a B. a; the C. /; a ( )2.— Do you know __________ boy over there? — Yes, he likes playing __________ basketball very much. A.the; / B.a; the C.a; / D.the; a ( )3. Jack's hobby is to play chess. A. a B. an C. the D. / ( )4.What ________ good news! Our school band will play at Harbin Summer Concert in August. A.a B.the C./ ( )5. —What _____ cold weather! —Yes. But it’s ______ unusual experience for us who live in a hot place. A. an; an B. /; a C. /; an D. a; an 9 Homework 一、句型转换,按要求完成下列句子。 1.The telephone was invented in 1876.(对划线部分提问) _______ _______ the telephone _______? 2. The room was cleaned by Tom.(对划线部分提问) _______ _______ the room cleaned_______? 3. I think the trees were watered yesterday. (改为否定句) I _______ think the trees _______ watered yesterday. 4. These knives can be used for cutting.(同义句转换) These knives can_______ ______ _______ ______. 5.The girl with long hair helped us.(改为被动语态) We _______ _______ _______ the girl with long hair. 6. Tea, after water, is the most popular drink in the world.(改为同义句) Tea is _______ _______ _______ popular drink in the world. 7. Mirrors are used for looking at yourself.(对划线部分提问) _____________ mirrors used ______? 8. You should hand in your homework tomorrow. (改为被动语态) Your homework should _______ _______ _______ tomorrow. 二、 根据汉语提示,完成句子。 1.茶是怎么样被生产的? How ________ tea ________? 2.飞机模型是由什么制造的? What ________ the model plane ________ ________? 3.我父亲擅长做玩具汽车。 My father is good ________ ________ ________ cars. 4.据中国历史记载,孔明灯是由诸葛孔明首次使用的。 ________ ________ Chinese history,sky lanterns ________ first ________ by ZhugeKongming. 5.当灯笼被点燃时,它们像小的热气球一样慢慢地升入空中。 When the lanterns ________ ________, they slowly ________ ________ the air ________ small hot-air balloons. 6.我的家乡以茶叶而闻名。 My hometown is ________ ________ tea. 7.在过去常常独自外出。 He ________ ________ go out alone. 查看更多

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